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Saline County, Illinois
History and Genealogy

Featuring Coal Mining
 
      Saline County is a county located in the southern part of the State of Illinois.       37.75° N, 88.54° W
Thew population in 2000 was 26,733, and in 2010 the population was 24,913.
The county seat is Harrisburg
      Saline County was formed from Gallatin County in 1847, and named for the Saline River.
 
      Saline County has thirteen townships:
            Brushy, Carrier Mills, Cottage, East Eldorado, Galatia, Harrisburg, Independence, Long Branch, Mountain, Raleigh, Rector, Stone Fort, Tate
 
      Some of the Cities, Villages and communities are :
            Buena Vista, Carrier Mills (Morrilsville), Cottage Grove, Delta, Derby, Dorris Heights, Dorrisville, Eagle, Eldorado, Francis,Galatia, Gaskins City, Harco, Harrisburg, Horseshoe, Lakeview, Ledford, Liberty, Long Branch, Mitchellsville, Muddy, New Hope, Newcastle, Oldtown, Pankeyville, Raleigh, New Hope, Newcastle, Oldtown, Pankeyville, Rudement, Saline, Somerset, Stonefort, Texas City, Tison, Wasson, West End
 
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Coal Mining History
Coal Mines A - I Coal Mines J - P Coal Mines R - Z
Fatalities A - J Fatalities K - Q Fatalities R - Z
Sources (footnotes)

A bit of History
Extract from : Coal Mines in Saline County by : Mary Norman Lindsay
      There is no State record of coal in Saline County before 1880, but it is definitely known that there were at least two, and perhaps many more, small hillside, slope mines in the county eighteen or twenty years before that time.
      The first coal mine opened in the county was one mile south of Harrisburg. It was opened by John Riben Norman who owned the farm upon which the mine was located. The farm, and the mine, were located at the north end of the present community of Pankeyville.
      From recollections of members of the Norman family, it appears this drift mine was opened as early as 1856.
      The second mine in the county was opened shortly after the Norman mine. It was opened by David Ingram on his farm, two miles east of the Norman farm. It was also a slope mine, driven into the side of a hill, and like the Norman mine, was a crude and primitive affair.
      The first railroad shipping mine was opened in 1873, by General Green Berry Raum, of Harrisburg, and Captain Vial, of Vienna. It also was a slope mine, and was sunk near the Cairo and Vincennes Railroad some three miles southwest of Harrisburg, and near the present community of Ledford.
      In 1880, W. H. Howell, who had moved to Harrisburg from Marion, together with John Davenport, William Alsop, and E. 0. Roberts, organized the Clifton Coal Co. They opened a slope mine called the Clifton Slope across the railroad to the northwest a distance of a half mile from the Ledford Slope of Raum and Vial. The company prospered and two years later, Howell bought the interests of Davenport and Alsop. A year or so later, Howell purchased the interest of Roberts, and became the sole owner of the mine. Howell, later, for a brief time, brought a man named Curry into the company, but later repurchased his interest. Howell then operated the mine alone until 1892, when he leased it to John Davenport and William White for a period of five years.
      About the year 1883, William Alsop, who had been one of the organizers of the Clifton Coal Co., together with John Mason and Frank Rice, opened the Newcastle mine, three miles south of Carrier Mills, toward Stonefort. The mine locally was called "Craphat." It was between sixty and sixty-five feet deep and was sunk to what is called now the No. 2 vein of coal. It was operated continuously until 1907.
      About the same time, Davenport, William White, and John Barter sunk a mine at the present site of the Ford Brick & Tile Co. plant at the extreme south limits of the present City of Harrisburg. This mine was called the "Blackhawk" mine. It was a shaft mine near the railroad, and was sunk to the No. 7 vein of coal, just thirty feet below the surface.
      It was here that the first of many tragedies in the coal mines of the county occurred. Immediately after the completion of the sinking of the shaft, and before actual hoisting of coal had begun. Barter was struck in the head by a windlass and killed while in the act of performing a duty which he often had seen his partner, Davenport, do quite simply and safely.
      After a number of years of operation, the Blackhawk mine burned and was abandoned.
      After the Blackhawk burned, Davenport and White leased the old Clifton Slope from Howell. For a time, Davenport, Alsop, Rice, and White, either together or individually, operated the Old Clifton, Newcastle, and Blackhawk mines. Newcastle, or "Craphat," was operated until about 1906 or 1907, when it was abandoned.
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The beginning of Illinois Coal Mining Records
      The first mining law enacted under the provisions of the Constitution was by the Twenty-seventh General Assembly, 1871, approved March 27, 1872. This law provided for county inspectors and that reports be made to county boards
      The Thirty-third General Assembly, 1883, amended the law by dividing the State into five inspection districts and provided for the appointment by the Governor of a State inspector for each district, and for the making of annual reports to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
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Extract from : Third Biennial Report, Bureau of Labor Statistics of Illinois, 1884 23
Saline County
      Illinois Iron and Coal Co., Harrisburg
Eighty men and four mules were found at work at this place, with only 2510 feet of air circulation, which is hardly more than that is required for animals alone. The air courses were circuitous and badly obstructed, while comparatively little work might effect material improvement. This was undertaken at once, and a new shaft begun for an upcast, so as to air the mine in two divisions.
Wm. Harpool, Supt.
 
      Newcastle Mine
      This is a new mine, operated by horse-power, employing 10 men, and with escapement shaft just completed.
Mason Allen, Proprietor.
 
      Clifton Mine, Harrisburg
      This is a slope opening, the coal being hauled out by mules. It is a double-entry mine, well planned and operated, and in the best condition of any mine in the county. The working force consists of about 65 men, and the air is carried well up to the working places. Roberts & Howells, proprietors.
 
      Ledford Mine
      This is also a slope, the being hauled about 200 yards to the tipple on railroad track. In the main entries there was 12,000 cubic feet of air, but before the men were reached this was reduced to a minimum.
      Fifty men and 4 mules were at work underground, the men receiving at their places only 4,340 feet of air. A change made in underground managers will, it is expected, secure much needed reform in the condition of this mine.
C. O. Godfrey, proprietor.
 
      Davenport Mine, Harrisburg
      This mine has recently opened, and had as yet no side-track for shipping purposes, but was doing some local trade. The place will be opened up on the double-entry system, as soon as rail connections are made, and an escapement shaft will be sunk. The coal is 5 feet thick and 28 feet below the surface; 20 of which is soil and clay, 6, limestone, and 2 slate.
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Extract from : Statistics of Coal In Illinois 1885 24
Saline County
      With Bald Knob and Donahue's mines there are nine mines, all of which now have escapements. At New Castle the company have sunk their shaft to the seam below the one heretofore worked, and they are erecting an engine for hoisting purposes.
      The Eldorado Coal Co. has a slope in this county, on the Louisville and Nashville railroad. They have an escapement, but it needs to be enlarged. There has been an increase of three escapements in the county during the year.
      The Equality Coal Co. has erected a fan at their mine in Gallatin county, which makes 26 fans in operation in the district, and they are also sinking an escapement shaft.
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Extract from : History Gallatin, Saline, Hamilton, Franklin and Williamson Counties, Illinois 1887 25
      The coal in this county is represented by No. 5, which is probably the lowest workable seam. It is nearly five feet thick and is opened on Section 24, Township 9, Range 7 east, where it dips at the rate of seventy feet per mile. Coal No. 7 is found on Section 15, Township 9, Range 7 east, at Mr. Green's at a depth of about thirty feet. In sinking a well this vein was here found to be four feet thick. At Ingram's mine, about one and a half miles southeast of Harrisburg, on Section 22, Township 9, Range 6, the vein is from five to six feet thick. While these are the principal seams of coal in this county, yet there are other veins of coal for a minute description of which the reader is referred to the State geologist's report.

 

Sources :
1 Eighteenth Annual Report Prepared by the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1899
                Springfield, ILL; Phillips Bros. State Printers, 1899

2 Twentieth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1901,
                also the Third Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                October 1, 1901, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1902

3 Twenty-first Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1902,
                also the Fourth Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                October 1, 1902, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1903

4 Twenty-second Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1903,
                also the Fifth Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                October 1, 1903, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1904

5 Twenty-third Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1904,
                also the Sixth Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                October 1, 1904, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, Illinois State Journal, State Printers, 1905

6 Twenty-Fifth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1906,
                also the Eighth Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                September 30, 1906, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1907

7 Twenty-Sixth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1907,
                also the Ninth Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                September 30, 1907, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1908

8 Twenty-Seventh Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1908
                Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1909

9 Twenty-Eighth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1909
                Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1910

10 Twenty-Ninth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1910
                Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1911

11 Thirtieth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1911
                State Mining Board -- Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1912

12 Thirty-First Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1912
                State Mining Board -- Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1913

13 Thirty-Second Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1913
                State Mining Board -- Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1914

14 Thirty-Third Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1914
                State Mining Board -- Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1914

15 Thirty-Fourth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1915
                State Mining Board -- Illinois State Journal Co., State Printers, 1915

16 Thirty-Fifth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1916
                State Mining Board -- Springfield, ILL.; Illinois State Journal Co., State Printers 1916

17 Thirty-Sixth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1917
                Department of Mines and Minerals; Year Ended June 30, 1917
                Printed by authority of the State of Illinois; Springfield: Illinois State Journal, State Printers, 1917

18 Thirty-Seventh Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1918
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Springfield, ILL.; Illinois State Journal Co., State Printers 1918

19 Thirty-Eighth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1919
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Springfield, ILL.; Illinois State Journal Co., State Printers 1919

20 Thirty-Ninth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1920
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Springfield, ILL.; Illinois State Journal Co., State Printers 1920

21 Fortieth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1921
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Phillips Bros. Print, Springfield, Illinois; 1921

22 Coal Mines in Illinois, Saline County
                Illinois State Geological Survey, 615 East Peabody Drive, Champaign, IL. 61820

23 Third Biennial Report, Bureau of Labor Statistics of Illinois, 1884
                Springfield, ILL; H. W. Roker, State Printer and Binder, 1884

24 Statistics of Coal In Illinois 1885 -- A Supplemental Report; State Bureau of Labor Statistics
                Reports of Mine Inspectors; For the Year Ended July1, 1885 -- Springfield, ILL; H. W. Roker, State Printer and Binder, 1885

25 History of Gallatin, Saline, Hamilton, Franklin and Williamson Counties, Illinois.
                The Goodspeed Publishing Co.; John Morris Company, Printers, Chicago; 1887

26 Forty-First Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1922
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1922

27 Forty-Second Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1923
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1923

28 Forty-Third Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1924
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1924

29 Forty-Fifth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1925
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois State Journal Co., Springfield, Illinois., 1926

30 Forty-Sixth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1926
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1927

31 Forty-Sixth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1927
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1928

32 Forty-Seventh Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1928
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1929

33 Forty-Eightth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1929
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Journal Printing Co., Springfield, ILL., 1930

34 Forty-Ninth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1930
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1931

35 Fifieth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1931
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1932

36 Fifty-First Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1932
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Journal Printing Co., Springfield, ILL., 1933

37 Fifty-Second Coal Report of Illinois, 1933
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

38 Fifty-ThirdCoal Report of Illinois, 1934
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

39 Fifty -Fourth Coal Report of Illinois, 1935
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

40 Fifty -Fifth Coal Report of Illinois, 1936
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

41 Fifty -Sixth Coal Report of Illinois, 1937
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

42 Fifty -Seventh Coal Report of Illinois, 1938
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

43 Fifty -Eighth Coal Report of Illinois, 1939
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

44 Fifty -Ninth Coal Report of Illinois, 1940
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

45 Sixtieth Coal Report of Illinois, 1941
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

46 Sixty First Coal Report of Illinois, 1942
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

47 Sixty Second Coal Report of Illinois, 1943
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

48 Sixty Third Coal Report of Illinois, 1944
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

49Sixty Fourth Coal Report of Illinois, 1945
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

50 Sixty Fifth Coal Report of Illinois, 1946
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

51 Sixty Sixth Coal Report of Illinois, 1947
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

52 Sixty-seventh Coal Report of Illinois, 1948
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

53 Sixty-eighth Coal Report of Illinois, 1949
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

54 Sixty-ninth Coal Report of Illinois, 1950
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

55 Seventieth Coal Report of Illinois, 1951
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

56 Seventy-first Coal Report of Illinois, 1952
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

57 Seventy-second Coal Report of Illinois, 1953
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

58 Seventy-fifth Coal Report of Illinois, 1956
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

59 Eighty-First Coal Report of Illinois, 1962
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

60 Eighty-Second Coal Report of Illinois, 1963
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

61 Eighty-Fifth Coal Report of Illinois, 1966
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

62 Eighty-Sixth Coal Report of Illinois, 1967
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

63 Ninety-first Coal Report of Illinois, 1972
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

64 Ninety-Third Coal Report of Illinois, 1974
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

65 Ninety-Sixth Coal Report of Illinois, 1977
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

66 Ninety-Eighth Coal Report of Illinois, 1979
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

67 Ninety-Ninth Coal Report of Illinois, 1980
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

68 Statistics of Coal Production in Illinois, 1883,
                A Supplemental Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics,
                by John S Lord, Secretary; Springfield, ILL: H. W. Rokker, Printer and Binder; 1883

69 Statistics of Coal in Illinois, 1887
                A Supplemental Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics -- Springfield, ILL.; H. W. Rokker, State Printer and Binder, 1887

70 Coal Mines in Saline County by : Mary Norman Lindsay
71 Seventeenth Annual Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1898
                Coal in Illinois;    Springfield, ILL; Phillips Bros. State Printers, 1899

72 Nineteenth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1900,
                also the Second Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                October 1, 1900, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1901

73 Sixth Biennial Report of the Bureau of Labor Statistics of Illinois, 1890
                Springfield, ILL.; H. W. Rokker, State Printer and Binder, 1891

74 Statistics of Coal In Illinois 1893
                Twelveth Annual Report ;    Springfield, ILL.; H. W. Rokker, State Printer and Binder, 1894

75 Statistics of Coal In Illinois 1894
                Thirteenth Annual Report ;    Springfield, ILL.; Ed. F. Hartman, State Printer, 1895

76 Statistics of Coal In Illinois 1895
                Fourteenth Annual Report;    Springfield, ILL.; ED. F. Hartman, State Printer, 1896

77 Fifteenth Annual Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1896
                Springfield, ILL; Phillips Bros. State Printers, 1897

78 Sixteenth Annual Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1897
                Coal in Illinois;    Springfield, ILL; Phillips Bros. State Printers, 1898

79 Twenty-Fourth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Startistics, 1905,
                also the Seventh Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                September 30, 1905, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, Illinois State Journal, State Printers, 1906


 
Coal & Coal Mining in Central Illinois

 

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